In this first of a two segment Phase 2a trial, a total of 64 patients were enrolled and randomized across three doses of ACH-1625 given once daily (200mg, 400mg or 800mg) or placebo with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin, and were dosed for 4 weeks of therapy. Patients then continue on SOC for up to an additional 44 weeks. Subjects were randomized and stratified by HCV genotype and IL28B genotype.
The majority of the 64 patients enrolled were HCV genotype 1a (73%), with a smaller percentage of HCV genotype 1b patients (25%). A total of 75% of the patients enrolled were genotype CT/TT, a marker of the patient's diminished response to interferon, and 25% were genotype CC. All patients receiving 4 weeks of treatment with ACH-1625 demonstrated continuous and substantial declines in HCV RNA with no viral breakthrough during therapy at any of the doses. Preliminary results for the 64 patients enrolled demonstrate RVR percent and viral load reduction as follows:
200 mg QD
800 mg QD
Week 4 RVR Subjects with
HCV RNA < 25 IU/mL
|13/16 (81%)||12/16 (75%)||13/17 (76%)||3/15 (20%)|
Mean maximum HCV RNA
decline through Week 4 (log10)
Safety results from a planned safety analysis included 56 patients from this segment of the trial and indicated that adverse events (AEs) were similar to those observed in the previously reported Phase 1a and 1b trials of ACH-1625. Over 4 weeks of co-administration of ACH-1625 with SOC, there were no discontinuations due to adverse events and there were no serious adverse events (SAEs) reported. Most reported AEs in patients receiving ACH-1625 were classified as mild to moderate and were transient. The most common AEs were consistent with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin.
"These data reflect a positive outcome with high RVR, irrespective of IL28B status, which places ACH-1625 among the most potent protease inhibitors in development," commented
"We are quite pleased with the continued robust efficacy results and good safety profile with once-daily doses of ACH-1625," said
The preliminary safety profile of ACH-1625 continues to support future plans to combine this protease inhibitor with other directly acting antiviral agents. Achillion expects to initiate during 2012 a clinical trial evaluating ACH-1625 in combination with ACH-2928, an internally discovered and developed NS5A inhibitor.
ACH-1625 is a HCV protease inhibitor designed and synthesized based on crystal structures of enzyme/inhibitor complex. ACH-1625 is an open chain, non-covalent, reversible inhibitor of NS3 protease. In preclinical studies, ACH-1625 demonstrated high potency, unique pharmacokinetic properties and an excellent safety profile at high drug exposures. ACH-1625 has rapid and extensive partitioning to the liver, as well as high liver/plasma ratios. ACH-1625 has shown low single-digit nanomolar potency that is specific to HCV. It is equipotent against HCV genotypes 1a and 1b at IC50 of approximately 1nM.
In Phase 1a clinical studies, subjects receiving both single and multiple ascending doses ranging from 50 mg to 2000 mg per day for periods up to 5 days demonstrated that ACH-1625 was well tolerated at all doses and there were no SAEs, and no clinically significant changes in vital signs, electrocardiograms or laboratory evaluations. In Phase 1b clinical studies, HCV-infected patients receiving doses ranging from 200 to 600 mg twice daily, and 400 to 600 mg once daily, showed mean maximal reductions in viral load ranging from of 3.63 log10 to 4.25 log10. Furthermore, all patients had viral loads that remained suppressed for at least 7 days after dosing was completed, maintaining a mean reduction of at least 1log10 from baseline through day 12, the last day of viral load measurement in the study.
The hepatitis C virus is the most common cause of viral hepatitis, which is an inflammation of the liver. It is currently estimated that more than 170 million people are infected with HCV worldwide and
Achillion is an innovative pharmaceutical company dedicated to bringing important new treatments to patients with infectious disease. Achillion's proven discovery and development teams have advanced multiple product candidates with novel mechanisms of action. Achillion is focused on solutions for the most challenging problems in infectious disease including hepatitis C and resistant bacterial infections. For more information on
This press release includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, including statements with respect to the potency, safety and other characteristics of ACH-1625, which may not be duplicated in future cohorts at different doses or in future clinical studies of longer duration; Achillion's expectations regarding timing and duration of other clinical trials. Among the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements are: uncertainties relating to results of clinical trials, unexpected regulatory actions or delays, and Achillion's ability to obtain additional funding required to conduct its research, development and commercialization activities. These and other risks are described in the reports filed
by Achillion with the
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